Conventional medicine, taught at medical school, is mainly focused on the art of diagnosis and treatment with medications.
A clinical diagnosis, which is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon, can be determined by a set of symptoms and signs a patient presents. In conventional medicine the symptoms are treated mainly with medications, majority of which are chemicals. Most of them are synthetically designed and manufactured. These chemical molecules are transported in the blood to the target organs, but they also reach other corners of the body and can therefore produce a wide range of side effects.
Conventional medicines can be very helpful in acute conditions such as pain due to physical trauma or many infections. They are also life saving in situations such as heart attacks, sepsis, blood clots, where rapid acting medication make a real difference. However, in chronic diseases conventional medicines alone may not be fully effective and may cause many side effects.
General (acute/internal) medicine is the part of medicine that focuses on acute conditions (from mild otitis to life threatening infections) as well as on chronic conditions such as diabetes or heart diseases. It embraces a very wide range of disorders and its study includes all organs of the body.
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